Below is a list of sources and resources related to each episode of the Crazy Town podcast.
Episode 11 – My Dinner Is Stuck in Traffic: Saving Fuel for the Farm (May 15, 2019)
- Read Jason Bradford’s The Future Is Rural for a comprehensive report on the food system and needed changes.
- Source of statistic that US farmers represent 1% of population: USDA (2014) 2012 Census of Agriculture. United States Summary and State Data. Volume 1, Geographic Area Series, Part 51.; U.S. Census Bureau (2012) “Population Estimates, Detailed Tables.
- Food, Energy and Society, revised edition. Pimentel and Pimentel, eds, 1996, quote:
“During the age of the Pharaohs and pyramid projects, ancient Egypt had a population of 3 million. About 95 percent of society was involved in agriculture. The surplus energy of about 5 percent was utilized for the Pharaohs and the construction of the great pyramids.” pg 5
- New York to Egypt energy reference: Pierre Chomat, Oil Addiction: the World in Peril (Universal Publishers, 2004). The reference is on pages 14-15.
- Food System energy return on investment, University of Michigan, Center for Sustainable Systems
- Reference on food waste, and a second reference
- David Holmgren’s quote from Retrosuburbia
- On-farm energy use statistics from USDA researchers
Episode 10 – Tackling Inequality, One Pair of Lederhosen at a Time (May 8, 2019)
- Inequality.org, a project of the Institute for Policy Studies, has been tracking inequality-related news and views for nearly two decades.
- Bio for Chuck Collins from the Institute for Policy Studies
- Publisher’s page for Chuck’s book, Is Inequality in America Irreversible?
- Publisher’s page for Chuck’s book, Born on Third Base
- Rank of GINI Index by country
- The Spirit Level, a book by Kate Pickett and Richard Wilkinson, explains why more equal societies almost always do better.
- When Chuck mentioned Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo as the head of Central African Republic, he misspoke. The correct nation is Equatorial Guinea.
- Elysium, the movie that explores inequality through a sci-fi lens
- Two of Richard Heinberg’s popular books, The Party’s Over and The End of Growth
- Douglas Rushkoff’s Team Human podcast
Episode 9 – They’ll Think of Somethingism (May 1, 2019)
- “Cargoism” is a term coined by William Catton in his classic book Overshoot (see Chapter 11: Faith versus Fact). Overshoot is also available as a pdf.
- Smithsonian article on Vanuatu, cargo cults, and belief in “John Frum”
- Primer on the carbon cycle
- Review of negative emissions technologies from the European Academies Science Advisory Council
- Article on magnesite technology
- Basic information about magnesite
- More on magnesite
- Even more on magnesite and carbon sequestration
- And even more on magnesite and carbon sequestration
- Grand Coulee Dam and information about the quantity of concrete it contains
- Volume-to-weight conversion for concrete
- Quantity of annual carbon dioxide emissions
- Because it takes about a 2 tons of silicate rock to remove a ton of CO2 from the air, you need to mine and transport 2 tons of rock for each ton of CO2 captured, then you have to remove this rock again, now in the carbonate form from the reaction, so combined you are moving about 4 tons of rock to capture one ton of CO2. 37 billion tons of CO2 a year divided by 24 million tons of concrete in the Grand Coulee Dam = the equivalent mass in CO2 of around 1,500 Grand Coulee Dams, which if captured by making rock carbonates is like handling the mass of 6,000 Grand Coulee Dams.
- Some problems with carbon capture technology
- Hooray for space elevators!
- Number of people launched into space per year
- Asgardia, the proposed nation in space
- Blog promoting space colonization as the solution to overpopulation
Episode 8 – Mosquito-Flavored Popcorn, or What Climate Scientists Are Getting Wrong (April 24, 2019)
- Jason Bradford’s uh-oh moment when it comes to lack of feedback in IPCC’s climate models
- The research group Jason was part of when he read the IPCC report (ABERG)
- Economic failings and a critique of William Nordhaus by environmentalist Rex Weyler
- Takedown of William Nordhaus by economist Jason Hickel
- John de Graaf’s measured, realistic support for the Green New Deal
- Good look at the limits to growth in the context of the Green New Deal
- Donella Meadows’s classic book, Thinking in Systems: a Primer
- Herman Daly’s book Ecological Economics and Sustainable Development (available online)
- Current IPCC report section on future changes, risks, and adaptation
- RCP = Representative Concentration Pathways
- A good write-up of the Shared Socio-economic Pathways
- David Hughes and the American Geophysical Union meeting looking at possible geological limitations to fossil fuel reserves
- Justin Ritchie on coal limitations compared to IPCC scenarios
- Richard Heinberg and David Fridley’s review of a low-energy-demand scenario without negative emissions technologies for climate modeling
- Kevin Anderson, the climate scientist who could be elected the mayor of Crazy Town, as he sees right through the B.S.
Episode 7 – Deer Sinew and Beetle Biscuits: Raising Kids in the Age of Climate Chaos (April 17, 2019)
- “The Death of the Last Male Northern White Rhino: Father and Daughter Reflect,” article by Skya and Rob Dietz in Resilience.
- “How I Talk to My Daughter About Climate Change,” article by Michelle Nijhuis in The Atlantic
- The Parents’ Guide to Climate Revolution, book by Mary DeMocker
- Our Children’s Trust, the nonprofit organization supporting the climate lawsuit, Juliana v. United States
- Deep Economy, book by Bill McKibben
- The Road, novel by Cormac McCarthy
- Abraham Maslow’s hierarchy of needs
- Last Child in the Woods, book by Richard Louv
- And Beauty for All, the nonprofit organization founded by John de Graaf
Episode 6 – Zombies, Magic Rocks, and Techno-utopia (April 10, 2019)
- “Progress vs. Apocalypse: The Stories We Tell Ourselves” by John Michael Greer
- “Survival of the Richest” by Douglas Rushkoff
- The Seneca cliff model of growth and decline
Episode 5 – Solar Freakin’ Roadways (April 3, 2019)
- Over-the-top solar roadways promo video
- A reality check on solar roadways
- Solar roadways experiment in France
- Our Renewable Future, which outlines the criteria needed to evaluate energy sources and explains why renewable sources won’t match the scale of fossil fuels
- Why less energy means a smaller economy
- Why “green” growth amounts to wishful thinking
- The famous Sankey diagram on energy flows
- Background on the Green New Deal
- Global energy consumption (100 billion barrels of oil equivalent)
- Tom Murphy’s explanation of galactic-scale energy
Episode 4 – My Car Is Bigger Than Yours (March 27, 2019)
- UC Davis professor and transportation expert Daniel Sperling on the Daily Show with Jon Stewart
- Statistics on U.S. car sales by type, showing how few non-gasoline/diesel vehicles are sold
- Edward Hume’s article in The Atlantic titled “The Absurd Primacy of the Automobile in American Life“
- Clive Thompson’s article in Smithsonian Magazine titled “When Pedestrians Ruled The Streets“
- Summary of roadkill statistics
- U.S. greenhouse gas emissions, by sector, showing the contribution of emissions from personal transportation
- Marvin Harris, cultural materialism, and why we have a hard time imagining a different way to live
Episode 3 – One Point Twenty-One Jigawatts (March 20, 2019)
- The Energy Primer for the AP Environmental Science Student provides a solid start on understanding energy.
- Olympic track cyclist Robert Förstemann takes the toaster challenge.
- Statistics on crude oil usage.
- Average price of electricity.
- What a kilowatt hour can power.
- How society uses energy and units of measurement.
- Ski Dubai.
- 21 Jigawatts!
Episode 2 – Punching Ronnie in the Mouth (March 13, 2019)
- Ronald Reagan’s 2nd Inaugural Address (1985)
- Jimmy Carter’s Crisis of Confidence Speech (1979)
- Enough Is Enough: Building a Sustainable Economy in a World of Finite Resources
- 238 academics call for wellbeing instead of growth.
- Albert Bartlett refutes Julian Simon.
- Math behind E. coli and mass of Earth in a day (doubling time of 20 minutes).
- Good overview of exponential population growth and logistic growth with carrying capacity.
Episode 1 – Orangutans, Santa Suits, and Airplanes on Fire (March 13, 2019)
- The Reluctant Radical is the movie about Ken Ward, the guy in the Santa suit protesting climate change.
- The orangutan sanctuary in Borneo near Sandakan, Malaysia.
- Population estimate of all primates, including the Great Apes (orangutans, gorillas and chimpanzees).
- Human population growth rate per year is currently about 83,000,000 (births minus deaths). That number divided by 365 days in a year is about 277,000 people a day, so every two days, human population growth equals total great ape population size. See data here.
- Current vs background extinction rate.
- The discussion that a barrel of crude oil is roughly the equivalent of 11 years of human labor is based on the following math: One barrel of oil has 5.7 million BTU, which converts to 1,700 kWh. A typical person can work at an output of about 70 watts for several hours. If you multiply 70 watts times 8 hours a day, you get about 600 watt-hours (or 0.6 kWh) of work per day for a human laborer. Divide 1,700 kWh by 0.6 kWh to yield 2,833 days. Since each work year is about 250 days, divide 2,833 by 250 to get 11 years of labor in a barrel of oil. Here’s a reference for the energy density of a barrel of oil.
- Bobby Woo, the 200 millionth American, is now an attorney in Atlanta.